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Safety Management

A Qualitative Systems Approach

Safety Management by John Davies
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Safety, Risk and Responsibility
Science and Subjectivity
The Need to be Safe
Risk and Responsibility
Voluntary and Involuntary Action
Safety and Trust in Organizations
Better Value from Safety Data in a World of Diminishing Returns
Where is Risk Situated?

Safety, Subjectivity and Imagination
Knowledge: Objective or Subjective?
What Kind of Science?
Relativity, Quantum Mechanics and Chaos
Causality: a Property of the World, or All in the Mind?
Safety and Imagination
Justifying Proactive Safety

Predictive Validity of Near Misses
Introduction
The Background to the Common Sense Hypothesis
Arguments against the Common Cause Hypothesis
Testing the Hypothesis
Collecting and Analyzing Minor Event Reports is a Useful Thing to Do

Confidential Reporting as an Approach to Collecting Near Miss
Data
Why Confidential Reporting?
Management Support
Incentives for Reporting
Preparation and Planning
The CIRAS Reporting System
Conclusions

Numbers and Words in Safety Management
Introduction
Triangulation
The Epistemology of Incident Frequency Data
Case Study: Validatory Triangulation in a Safety Management Context
Dealing with Discourse
Summary

Hermeneutics and Accident Reports
Background
Hermeneutics
An Organizational Model of Human Factors
The CIRAS Project
Kinds of Data
From Hermeneutics to Action

Causal Attribution and Safety Management
Traditional Attribution Theory
Functional Discourse and Attribution
Causal Investigation of Accidents Viewed as a Functional Act
Attribution and Safety Climate/Culture
An Attributional Analysis of Train Drivers' Explanations
Attributions and Implications

Inter-Rater Consensus in Safety Management
Introduction
Definitions of Reliability
Problem Areas in Testing Consensus
Statistical Measurements of Inter-Rater Consensus
Procedures for Establishing Inter-Rater Consensus (IRC) and Within- Rater Consensus (WRC)
Summary

Error Taxonomies and 'Cognitivism'
Origins
Cognitivism
Connectionism

Information Arousal Theory (IAT) and Train Driver Behavior
People: Controllers of Arousal
Further Implications

Conclusions
Numbers from Words
Reliability
Taxonomies
Human Error, Strategic Decision or Adaptive Action?
It Makes Economic Sense
Science: Induction versus Intuition


Catalog no. TF1634, May 2003, 240 pp., ISBN: 0-4153-0370-2, $109.95 / £72.99

Short TOC
CRC Press; September 2003
235 pages; ISBN 9780203403228
Read online, or download in secure PDF format
Title: Safety Management
Author: John Davies; Alastair Ross; Brendan Wallace
 
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