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Deep Thinking

What Mathematics Can Teach Us About the Mind

Deep Thinking by William Byers
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There is more than one way to think. Most people are familiar with the systematic, rule-based thinking that one finds in a mathematical proof or a computer program. But such thinking does not produce breakthroughs in mathematics and science nor is it the kind of thinking that results in significant learning. Deep thinking is a different and more basic way of using the mind. It results in the discontinuous “aha!” experience, which is the essence of creativity. It is at the heart of every paradigm shift or reframing of a problematic situation.

The identification of deep thinking as the default state of the mind has the potential to reframe our current approach to technological change, education, and the nature of mathematics and science. For example, there is an unbridgeable gap between deep thinking and computer simulations of thinking. Many people suspect that such a gap exists, but find it difficult to make this intuition precise. This book identifies the way in which the authentic intelligence of deep thinking differs from the artificial intelligence of “big data” and “analytics”.

Deep thinking is the essential ingredient in every significant learning experience, which leads to a new way to think about education. It is also essential to the construction of conceptual systems that are at the heart of mathematics and science, and of the technologies that shape the modern world. Deep thinking can be found whenever one conceptual system morphs into another.

The sources of this study include the cognitive development of numbers in children, neuropsychology, the study of creativity, and the historical development of mathematics and science. The approach is unusual and original. It comes out of the author's lengthy experience as a mathematician, teacher, and writer of books about mathematics and science, such as How Mathematicians Think: Using Ambiguity, Contradiction, and Paradox to Create Mathematics and The Blind Spot: Science and the Crisis of Uncertainty.

  • What is Deep Thinking?
  • Conceptual Systems
  • Deep Thinking in Mathematics and Science
  • Deep Thinking in the Mind and the Brain
  • Deep Thinking and Creativity
  • Deep Learning
  • Good Teaching
  • Undergraduate Mathematics
  • What the Mind Can Teach Us About Mathematics
  • What Mathematics Can Teach Us About the Mind
  • References

Readership: Students, graduate students and researchers with an interest in mathematics, mathematicians, scientists, philosophers, psychologists, and readers who use mathematics in their work.
Key Features:
  • In this book, the author, a mathematician, demonstrates the specific difference between creative mathematical thought and the analytic thought of logic and the artificial intelligence of computers
  • This book shows why learning is a creative activity and demonstrates how teaching and learning must undergo radical changes in this age of rapid technological change
  • Mathematics is a model for how people think and it reveals the essence of intelligence
  • The author, a mathematician, demonstrates that creativity is a basic feature of the world. The same phenomenon of creative intelligence underlies the theory of evolution, child development, learning, and scientific and mathematical research. Creativity is so natural that even babies are capable of it but so difficult that adults have great trouble with it. This book explains the reasons behind this apparent paradox
World Scientific Publishing Company; September 2014
263 pages; ISBN 9789814618052
Read online, or download in secure PDF format
Title: Deep Thinking
Author: William Byers
  • News
Deep thinking is not reserved for geniuses but is for everyone -- here's why World Scientific - EurekAlert (press release)
Wed, 14 Jan 2015 16:23:23 -0800
EurekAlert (press release)Deep thinking is not reserved for geniuses but is for everyone -- here's why World ...