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Soil and Water Chemistry

An Integrative Approach

Soil and Water Chemistry by Michael E. Essington
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Contents
THE SOIL CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT: AN OVERVIEW
Phases and Chemical Processes in Soil
Elements in the Soil Environment: Their Concentrations and Important Species
Units and Conversions
Heterogeneity of Soil Chemical Characteristics

SOIL MINERALS


Chemical Bonds
Pauling’s Rules
Silicate Classes
Clay Mineralogy 
Division 1:1 Phyllosilicate Minerals
Division 2:1 Phyllosilicate Minerals
Hydrous Metal Oxides
X-Ray Diffraction Analysis

CHEMICAL WEATHERING


Hydrolysis and Oxidation
Balancing Chemical Reactions
Mineral Stability: Primary Silicates in the Sand- and Silt-Sized Fractions
Mineral Stability: Clay-Size Fraction
Weathering and Formation Characteristics of the Phyllosilicates
General Weathering Scheme for the Phyllosilicates

ORGANIC MATTER IN SOIL


Determination of Soil Organic Carbon Concentrations
Organic Functional Groups: a Review
Nonhumic Substances
Humic Substances
Genesis of Humic Substances
Chemical and Structural Characteristics of Humic Substances

SOIL WATER CHEMISTRY


Nature of Water
Ion Hydration
Electrolyte Solutions
Hydrolysis of Cations
Lowry-Brønsted Acids and Bases
Complex Ions and Ion Pairs
The ion association model
Ion Speciation in Soil Solutions
Qualitative Aspects of Ion Speciation
Soil Solution Sampling Methodologies
Methods of Chemical Analysis: Elemental Analysis

MINERAL SOLUBILITY


Mineral Solubility: Basic Principles
Application of Mineral Solubility Principles: Impediments
The Deviation of Ksp from Kdis
Mineral Solubility and Solution Composition
Stability Diagrams
Predicting Solution Composition
SURFACE CHEMISTRY AND ADSORPTION REACTIONS
Surface Functional Groups and Complexes
The Solid-Solution Interface: a Microscopic View        
Quantitative Description of Adsorption
Specific Retention of Metals and Ligands
Ligand Effects on Metal Adsorption
Organic Surface Functional Groups and Organic Molecular Retention Mechanisms
Surface Complexation Models

CATION EXCHANGE


Cation Exchange: a Beginning for Soil Chemistry
Qualitative aspects of Cation Exchange
Cation Exchange Capacity and Exchange Phase Composition
Quantitative Description of Cation Exchange
OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS IN SOILS
The Electron Activity
Redox Potential Measurements
Redox Status in Soils
pe – pH Predominance Diagrams

ACIDITY IN SOIL MATERIALS


Measurement of Soil Solution pH
Chemical and Biochemical Processes that Influence Soil Solution pH
Acid-Neutralizing Capacity and the Quantification of Soil Acidity
Neutralization of Soil Acidity
Acid Generation and Management in Mine Spoils: the Oxidation of Pyrite

SOIL SALINITY AND SODICITY


Sources of Salts
Diagnostic Characteristics of Saline and Sodic Soils
Irrigation Water Quality Parameters and Relationships
Genesis, Management, and Reclamation of Salt-Affected Soils
CRC Press; June 2004
553 pages; ISBN 9780203496145
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Title: Soil and Water Chemistry
Author: Michael E. Essington
 
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