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Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit Design

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit Design
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No matter which type of communications device requiring RFICs you are designing, you can turn to this comprehensive reference for a practical explanation of the full range of RFICs. This book focuses mainly on bipolar technology to demonstrate circuits, but CMOS is included as well. By emphasizing working designs, this book practically transports you into the authors’ own RFIC lab so you can fully understand the function of each design detailed in this book. Among the RFIC designs examined are RF integrated LC-based filters, VCO automatic amplitude control loops, and fully integrated transformer-based circuits, as well as image reject mixers and power amplifiers.

If you are new to RFIC design, you can benefit from the introduction to basic theory so you can quickly come up to speed on how RFICs perform and work together in a communications device. A thorough examination of RFIC technology guides you in knowing when RFICs are the right choice for designing a communication device. This leading-edge resource is packed with over 400 equations and more than 500 illustrations that support key topics.

Contents:

Introduction To Communications Circuits - Introduction. Radio-Frequency Integrated Circuits Used in a Communications Transceiver. Issues in Transceiver Design. Analog And Microwave Design Versus Radio-Frequency Integrated Circuit Design.

Issues in RFIC Design, Noise, Linearity And Filtering - Performance Estimates. Determination of Noise Floor. Linearity And Distortion in RF Circuits. Filtering Issues. Typical Receiver With Single IF Stage. Dynamic Range.

A Brief Review Of RF Technology - Introduction. Transistor Description. Small Signal Model of The Transistor. Small-Signal Parameters. CMOS Transistors.

Impedance Matching - Introduction. Review of the Smith Chart. Impedance Matching. Series to Parallel Conversions. Tapped Inductors and Capacitors. Matching Using Transformers. Tuning a Transformer. The Bandwidth of an Impedance Transformation Network. Quality Factor of an LC Network. Transmission Lines. S,Y,Z Parameters.

The Use and Design of Passive Circuit Elements in IC Technologies - Introduction. The Technology Back End and Metalization in IC Technologies. Sheet Resistance and the Skin Effect. Parasitic Capacitance. Parasitic Inductance. Current Handling in Metal Lines. Poly Resistors and Diffusion Resistors. Metal Insulator Metal Capacitors (MIM Caps) and Poly Capacitors. On-Chip Spiral Inductors. Some Basic Lumped Models for Inductors. Calculating the Inductance of Spirals. Self Resonance of Inductors. The Quality Factor (Q) of An Inductor. Characterization of an Inductor. Some Notes About the Proper Use of Inductors. Layout of Spiral Inductors. Isolating the Inductor. The Use of Slotted Ground Shields and Inductors. Basic Transformer Layouts in IC Technologies. The Concept of Mutual Inductance. Multilevel Inductors. On-Chip Transmission Lines. Characterizing Transformers for Use In ICs. High Frequency Measurement of On-Chip Passives and Some Common De-Embedding Techniques. Packaging. Conclusions.

Low Noise Amplifier Design - Introduction and Basic Amplifiers. Amplifiers with Feedback. Noise in Amplifiers. Input Matching of LNAs for Low Noise. Linearity in Amplifiers. Differential Pair and Other Differential Amplifiers. DC Biasing Networks. Low Voltage LNAs. Spice for Noise Analysis, Gain and Intermodulation. Conclusions.

Mixers - Basic Mixer Operation. Common Types of Mixers. Mixer Gain. A Practical Implementation of A Mixer. Mixer Noise Figure. Large Signal Behavior of The Differential Pair. Image Reject Mixers. Buffering Circuits.

Voltage Controlled Oscillators - Introduction. Specification of Oscillator Properties. The LC Resonator. Adding Negative Resistance to the Resonator. Configuration of the Amplifier (Colpitts or –Gm). Capacitor Ratios with Colpitts Oscillators. Analysis of an Oscillator as a Feedback System. Negative Resistance Generated by the Amplifier. Comments on Oscillator Analysis. Basic Differential Oscillator Topologies. A Modified Common-Collector Colpitts with Buffering. Several Refinements to the –Gm Topology. The Effect of Parasitics on the Frequency of Oscillation. Large Signal Non-Linearity in the Transistor. Bias Shifting During Start Up. Oscillator Amplitude. Sizing of the Transistors. Phase Noise. Making the Oscillator Tunable. VCO Automatic-Amplitude Control Circuits. Other Oscillators.

High Frequency Filter Circuits - On-Chip Filter Topologies. Analysis of an LNA with Filtering Action. Interpretation of Filter Stability. Automatic Q Tuning for High Q LC Filters. Frequency Tuning for LC Filters.

Power Amplifier Design - General Issues with PAS (Efficiency, PAE, HD, Linearity). Load Pull. Class A Power Amplifier Design. Class AB to C Power Amplifier Design. Higher Class Power Amplifiers. Linearization in Power Amplifiers. Distributed Amplifiers.

John W. M. Rogers is an assistant professor in the Department of Electronics at Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada and a member of the Professional Engineers of Ontario. He holds a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Carleton University.

Calvin Plett is an associate professor in the Department of Electronics at Carleton University and a member of the Professional Engineers of Ontario. He holds a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Carleton University.

Artech House; April 2003
430 pages; ISBN 9781580534857
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