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Environmental Management in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia

Environmental Management in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia
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The countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) are at an environmental cross-road. While they are still immersed in a process of economic and political transition that has brought distinctive environmental impacts, new opportunities for improving environmental conditions are emerging. How grave are the problems? How strong are the policy responses?

This book brings together the findings of key sector- and media-specific analyses and puts forward a set of headline indicators to provide a one-stop, concise and up-to-date assessment that is accessible to a non-specialist audience. It finds that the problems are serious, but they vary across countries. A significant burden of environmental disease persists – one out of 1 000 children born in Tajikistan dies before the age of five due to diarrhoeal diseases closely associated to lack of safe water. Despite low income levels, natural resources are under heavy pressure – nine out of the twelve countries in the region are water-stressed. To confront those problems, institutional development and policy responses would need to be stepped up. This assessment finds that current policies are often ineffective in stimulating significant improvements, scarce resources are spent without clear programmatic frameworks, and policy integration is very limited.

In 2003 the Ministers of Environment of the twelve EECCA countries and their Partners in the Environment for Europe process adopted the EECCA Environment Strategy to promote sustainable development in the region through environmental partnerships. The sobering assessment presented in this book will be the baseline against which Environment Ministers will evaluate environmental progress when they meet again in Belgrade in 2007.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; January 2005
96 pages; ISBN 9789264008991
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