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Forensic Evidence

Science and the Criminal Law, Second Edition

Forensic Evidence by Terrence F. Kiely
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SCIENCE AND THE CRIMINAL LAW
Science and the Legal Process
Forensic Science Questions
Forensic Science and Circumstantial Evidence
Forensic Science, Forensic Evidence, and the Modern   
   Crime Scene
Scientific Foundations and the Courts
Science and the Courts
Frye v. United States
Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals
General Electric v. Joiner
Kumho Tire v. Carmichael
People v. Sutherland: A Case Study
The Sutherland Case Facts
The Prosecution’s Forensic Evidence: The Tire
   Tracks  
The Prosecution’s Forensic Evidence: The Hair
   Evidence
The Prosecution’s Forensic Evidence: The Fiber
   Evidence
The Court’s Analysis: The Hairs and Fibers
The Sutherland Case: The Court’s Analyses Sutherland II Case  
Sutherland Conclusion
Appendix: Daubert Progeny
Endnotes
SCIENCE, FORENSIC SCIENCE, AND EVIDENCE
Introduction
Forensic Science and Evidence
Forensic Evidence and History
Forensic Evidence and the Crime Scene
Forensic Evidence Basics
Forensic Evidence and Circumstantial Evidence
Forensic Science, Probability, and the Law
Forensic Science and the Courts: Frye, Daubert, and   
   Beyond
Basic Questions Related to Forensic Science and Forensic Evidence
Class and Individual Characteristics
Laboratory Matches and Courtroom Rules of Evidence  Conclusion
Endnotes
HAIR ANALYSES 
Introduction
Hair Analysis Basics
Discovery Issues
Matching Statements
Recent Case Discussions: Qualifications
Prosecutorial Characterizations of Hair Testimony
Mitochondrial DNA [mtDNA] and Hair Analysis
The Evidence on the Petition for New Trial
Conclusion
Endnotes
FIBER ANALYSIS
Introduction
Fiber Evidence in the Courtroom
Discovery
Wayne Williams Case
Additional Fiber Cases
Fiber Persistence
Conclusion
Endnotes
BALLISTICS AND TOOL MARKS
Introduction
Ballistics and Forensic Evidence
Ballistics Experts: Qualifications
Weapon Identification
Computer-Generated Animation of Crime Scenes
Bullet Ricochet
Angle of Shoot
Bullet Matching
Bullet Lead Matching — ICP Methodology
Incompetence of Counsel
Gunshot Residue
Suicide vs. Homicide
Tool Marks
Conclusion
Endnotes
SOIL, GLASS, AND PAINT
Glass, Paint, and Soil in the Courtroom
Glass Analysis
Glass in the Courtroom
Paint Analysis
Soil Analysis
Soil and Cadaver Dogs
Soil and Forensic Archeology
Conclusion
Endnotes
FOOTPRINTS, TIRE IMPRESSIONS, AND BITE MARKS
Introduction
Foot Impressions in the Courtroom
Footwear Cases
Expert vs. Nonexpert Opinion
Barefoot Impression Evidence
Footwear Impression for Indigent Defendant Footwear-Impression Testimony
Footwear Trails
Indirect Proof of Footwear Impression
Tire Impressions
Bite-Mark Impressions
Bite Marks: Enhanced Imaging and Overlays
Endnotes
Notes
FINGERPRINTS
Introduction
International Working Groups
Fingerprints: American Experience
Fingerprint Questions
Fingerprint Foundations
Fingerprints: Daubert Challenges
Fingerprints: Digital Print Machines
Fingerprints: Discovery of Automated Fingerprint
   System Printouts
Fingerprints: Absence of Fingerprints
Time and Place Requirements
Lip Marks
Ear Impressions
Endnotes
BLOOD –SPATTER ANALYSIS
Introduction
Blood Spatter: Presumptive Tests for Blood
Blood Spatter in the Courtroom
Blood Spatter: Expert Qualifications
Blood Spatter: Crime Scene Dynamics
Endnotes
Notes
DNA ANALYSIS
Introduction
DNA Research Resources
DNA: International Standards
DNA: Questions for Lawyers
DNA Methodologies: RFLP
PCR DNA Methodologies
STR DNA Methodologies
Project Summary
DNA Mixture Cases
Mitochondrial DNA: MtDNA
Nonhuman DNA
DNA Related Cases: Post-Conviction Testing and
   Mandatory Submission of DNA
Post-Conviction DNA Testing
DNA Samples
John Doe DNA Warrants
The Future of DNA Testing
Endnotes
FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY AND ENTOMOLOGY Introduction
Forensic Anthropology
Forensic Anthropology Cases
Racial or Ethnic Identification
Individual Identifications
Forensic Anthropology: Photography
Cultural Anthropology
Forensic Entomology
Entomology Cases
Conclusion
Endnotes
EPILOGUE
INDEX
CRC Press; November 2005
534 pages; ISBN 9781420038064
Read online, or download in secure PDF format
Title: Forensic Evidence
Author: Terrence F. Kiely
 
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