This book offers a modern diagnostic and therapeutic approach to the pediatric patient with urinary problems due to spinal cord pathologies. It represents an unique guide for all the specialists involved in the management of this pathology. All the contributors are world leader experts in clinical research and in surgical practice of this pathologic condition. The book covers all the aspects of NBD in children from the clinical and diagnostic evaluation to the pharmacological and surgical treatment. Pediatric surgeons, pediatricians, genereal physicians, therapists, students that will read this book will have a clear, easy and up-to- date review of the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures adopted today.
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
; October 2006
380 pages; ISBN 9783540308676Read online
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Title: Pediatric Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction
Author: Ciro Esposito; Jean Michel Guys; David Gough; Antonio Savanelli
The Normal Lower Urinary Tract.- Embriology and Anatomy of the excretory Urinary Tract.- Physiology of the Lower Urinary Tract.- Functional Pathophysiology of the Lower Urinary Tract.- Epidemiology of Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction in Children.- Pathophysiology of Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- Pathologies Responsible for the Development of NBD.- Genetic Risk Factors for Neural Tube Defects: Folic Acid Supplementation and Prevention of Birth Defects.- Developmental Anomalies Responsible for Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- Neurologic Bladder in Neuropathies.- Pediatric Intraspinal Lesions.- Spinal Cord Injuries and Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- Neurogenic Bladder and Anorectal Malformations.- Neurogenic Bladder in Infections of the Nervous System.- Evaluation and Classification of NBD.- Clinical Diagnosis and Evaluation.- The Voiding Diary.- Imaging Techniques in Pediatric Patients with Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- The Role of Scintigraphy in the Management of Children with Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- Urodynamics.- Electrophysiology.- Endoscopy.- Simplified Approach and Practical Classification.- Conservative Treatment.- Clean Intermittent Catheterization.- Pharmacological Therapy in Neuropathic Bladder.- Pelvic Floor Therapy.- Sacral Nerve Stimulation.- Botulinum Toxin Injections to Treat Neurogenic Bladder — Sphincter Dysfunction in Pediatric Patients.- Surgical Treatment.- Endoscopic Approach to Urinary Incontinence in Pediatric Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- Sling Procedures for Neuropathic Sphincter Incontinence.- Bladder Neck Reconstructions in Children with Neurogenic Bladder.- Artificial Urinary Sphincter.- Enterocystoplasty.- Gastrocystoplasty.- Laparoscopic-Assisted Augmentation Ureterocystoplasty.- The Mitrofanoff Principle in Urinary Reconstruction in Children.- Management of Constipation in Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- The Antegrade Continence Enema Procedure: Long-Term Results.- Neurosurgical Treatment of Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- Management of Orthopedic Problems in Pediatric Patients with Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- Fetal Surgery for Myelomeningocele.- Complications.- Infectious Complications of Neurogenic Bladder in Children.- Bladder Calculi in the Pediatric Augmented Bladder: Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies.- Neurologic Bladder Dysfunction: a Condition at Increased Risk of Bladder Malignancy?.- Renal Failure and Neurogenic Bladder.- Sexuality in Young People with Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- Metabolic Consequences and Long-Term Complications of Enterocystoplasty in Children.- Latex Allergy in Children with Spina Bifida.- Prognosis.- Congenital Neuropathic Bladder Dysfunction: Diagnostics and Prevention of Complications.- Neuropathic Bladder Dysfunction and Quality of Life.- Measuring Quality of Life in Adolescent and Young Adults with Spina Bifida: Usefulness for Physicians Involved in Incontinence Management.- Follow-up in Children with Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- Follow-up in Adults with Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction.- Associations of People Affected by Spina Bifida and Their Families.