The Language of Time: A Reader
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About the author
Inderjeet Mani is Associate Professor of Linguistics at Georgetown University, where he chairs the program in Computational Linguistics. He works on the computer understanding of temporal narrative and on ontologies for natural language processing. His work on automatic summarization has included new summarization methods as well as evaluation techniques, while his research on temporal information extraction has led to the development of taggers for temporalexpressions in various languages. He has served on the Editorial Board of the journal Computational Linguistics (2002-4), and has published more than fifty scientific papers and two books: Automatic Summarization (2001) and the co-edited volume Advances in Automatic Text Summarization (1999).James Pustejovsky is Professor of Computer Science and Director of the Laboratory for Linguistics and Computation at Brandeis University. His research focuses on the areas of computational and theoretical models of lexical semantics, temporal reasoning, knowledge representation, and information extraction and retrieval in bioinformatics. His books include The Generative Lexicon (1995), Meaning in Context (2005), and the edited volumes Lexical Semantics and KnowledgeRepresentation (1992 with Sabine Bergler), Semantics and the Lexicon (1993); Lexical Semantics and the Problem of Polysemy (1997 with Bran Boguraev), and Events as Grammatical Objects (2000 with Carol Tenny).Robert Gaizauskas is Professor of Computer Science at the University of Sheffield. His research interests lie in applied natural language processing, especially information extraction and retrieval, both from newswire text and from scientific writing, particularly medical and biological text. He also works on automatic question answering and summarization, on the extraction of temporal information from texts and has an on-going interest in evaluation of language technology. He has publishedover 80 papers in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings.
This reader collects and introduces important work in linguistics, computer science, artificial intelligence, and computational linguistics on the use of linguistic devices in natural languages to situate events in time: whether they are past, present, or future; whether they are real or hypothetical; when an event might have occurred, and how long it could have lasted. In focussing on the treatment and retrieval of time-based information it seeks to lay thefoundation for temporally-aware natural language computer processing systems, for example those that process documents on the worldwide web to answer questions or produce summaries. The development of such systems requires the application of technical knowledge from many different disciplines. The book isthe first to bring these disciplines together, by means of classic and contemporary papers in four areas: tense, aspect, and event structure; temporal reasoning; the temporal structure of natural language discourse; and temporal annotation. Clear, self-contained editorial introductions to each area provide the necessary technical background for the non-specialist, explaining the underlying connections across disciplines.A wide range of students and professionals in academia and industry will value this book as an introduction and guide to a new and vital technology. The former include researchers, students, and teachers of natural language processing, linguistics, artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, computer science, information retrieval (including the growing speciality of question-answering), library sciences, human-computer interaction, and cognitive science. Those in industry includecorporate managers and researchers, software product developers, and engineers in information-intensive companies, such as on-line database and web-service providers.
; May 2005
603 pages; ISBN 9780191533303Read online
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Title: The Language of Time: A Reader
Author: Inderjeet Mani; James Pustejovsky; Robert Gaizauskas
In the press
This book brings together a variety of approaches, theoretical as well practical, for dealing with time in natural language. The papers are among the most relevant. They have been arranged in an order which makes sense. The introductions are excellent.... Compulsory reading for people working in the relevant disciplines.