Preface Trace elements in human diets, nutrition, and health: essentiality and toxicity C.D. Hunt Key Note Address Mediterranean diet, traditional foods and health: critical components and mediating mechanisms A. Trichopoulou and E. Vasilopoulou Plenary Session: Trace Minerals as Modulators of Arterial Function Manganese: modulator of arterial function and metabolism D. Klimis-Zacas and A.Z. Kalea The role of copper in nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation D.A. Schuschke Selenium status and regulation of vascular homeostasis L.M. Sordillo ISTERH 2007 Raulin Award lecture Zinc nutriture and the fetal origins of disease H.H. Sandstead Plenary Session: Trace element nutrition and dietary recommendations The relevance of trace element nutrition in human health S. Ermidou-Pollet and S. Pollet International dietary standards for trace elements J. H. Freeland-Graves and J. M. Cahill Plenary Session: Trace Element Speciation Salivary arsenic as a biomarker for arsenic exposure K. Lew, C. Yuan, J.P. Acker and X.C. Le Plenary Session: Health consequences of trace element deficiencies Studies on the placental and mammary gland transfer of trace elements: Impact of possible trace element deficiencies in infancy E. Rossipal and M. Krachler An adaptation of the in vitro digestion methodology employed in the prediction of iron bioavailability meets new challenges K. Argyri, A. Birba, D.D. Miller, M. Komaitis and M. Kapsokefalou Iodine intake, balance and normative requirement of man in Central Europe M. Anke, B. Groppel and U. Schäfer Symposium: Copper in neurologic and neurodegenerative diseases Overview of the Role of Copper in Neurodegenerative Diseases and PotentialTreatment with Tetrathiomolybdate G.J. Brewer Copper and cognition in Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease D.L. Sparks, C. Ziolkowski, D. Connor, T. Beach, C. Adler, M. Sabbagh, J. Caviness, H. Shill, L. Sue, L. Sparks, J. Lopez, S. Johnson-Traver and G. Stankovic Copper Studies in Alzheimer's Disease Patients R. Squitti and P.M. Rossigni Dietary Fat and Copper Effects on Cognition M.C. Morris Symposium: Health effects of low dose exposure to toxic metals Health effects of low dose exposure to toxic metals: introduction and research recommendations G. Nordberg and S. Skerfving Proteomic and metabolomic biomarkers for assessing low dose toxic trace element interactions: an overview B.A. Fowler, E.A. Conner, H. Yamauchi, G. Wang and M.H. Whittaker Neuropsychological and renal effects of low dose exposure to elemental mercury exposure from amalgam in children L. Barregard Manganese exposure as a determinant of Parkinsonian damage R. Lucchini, R. Squitti, E. Albini, L. Benedetti, S. Borghesi, E. Nan, F. Draicchio, R. Coccaglio and L. Alessio Kidney and bone effects of low dose cadmium exposure in Sweden A. Åkesson Factors influencing dose–response relationships of cadmium in humans—diabetes, metallothionein and metallothionein antibodies T. Jin, L. Chen, L. Lei, M. Nordberg and G. F. Nordberg Symposium: Environmental stress and mineral homeostasis Overview of human physiological responses to environmental extremes A.J. Young Iron Homeostasis and Environmental Extremes: Focus on Physical Activity J.P. McClung Calcium Metabolism during Space Flight S.M. Smith and S.R. Zwart Mineral Losses During Extreme Environmental Conditions H.C.