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OSHA Facilities Marking Manual
In your job as plant or safety manager, you must wear many hats. In addition to productionresponsibilities, you are charged with guiding your companys compliance in what may seemendless Occupational Safety and Health Administration requirements.
When you know what marking requirements apply in your facility, compliance can be timeconsuming,at best. But that is if you know what you must do. Finding that out can be a difficultand more time-consuming process.
The intent of this manual is to offer a simple, illustrated format which will display whatmarking needs to be done in your facility. To be most useful, we have taken a real-world,functional approach. The manual contains situations, workplace areas common to manymidsize companies. Do you have a warehouse area? Then look at the Warehouse Situation. Hereyou will see two illustrations, depicting many of the different signs, wall placards, and labelsthat must be used in the typical warehouse.
This eliminates searching through voluminous regulations for sections that apply to yourspecific situation. If, however, you do want the specific regulation that applies in each markingsituation, the number following the marking, in each case, indicates where in the 1910Workplace Safety or other regulations the requirements are found. You can then check theREGULATIONS section of this manual, which contains all the OSHA marking and labelingrequirements that are represented in the graphics, in numerical order.
PLANT MEDICAL FACILITY
OSHA requires employers to ensure the ready availability of medical personnel for adviceand consultation on matters of plant health. Many plants have chosen to satisfy this requirementby establishing their own in-house medical office which may be staffed by a physicanor nurse on a full- or part-time basis. Medical personnel at the facility may be performing awide variety of health-related tasks, including drawing blood for tests, administering first aid,or providing routine physicals. There are hazards involved in handling needles and workingwith blood or other body fluids. Labeling and marking is required in these areas to bringattention to these hazards.
Biohazard Marking §1910.1030(g)(1)
Warning labels must be affixed to containers of regulated waste, refrigerators, andfreezers containing blood or other potentially infectious material. The labels mustinclude the biohazard symbol and the word BIOHAZARD.
The labels must be fluorescent orange or orange-red or predominantly so, with letteringand symbols in a contrasting color. The labels should be affixed as close aspossible to the container with string, wire, adhesive, or another method that preventstheir loss or unintentional removal.
Red Waste Container and Sharps Container §1910.1030(d)(4) and (g)(1)
Contaminated sharps and regulated waste must be placed in properly labeled containers.Warning labels must be affixed to containers of regulated waste containingblood or other potentially infectious material. Red bags or containers may be substitutedfor the orange or orange-red biohazard labels.
No Food Or Drink §1910.1030(d)(2)(x) (Informational Marking)
Food and drink may not be kept in refrigerators, freezers, shelves, cabinets or oncountertops or bench tops where blood or other potentially infectious materials arepresent.
BIOHAZARD, No Eating, Drinking, Smoking Posting
§1910.1030(d)(2)(ix) (Informational Marking)
Eating, drinking, smoking, applying cosmetics or lip balm, and handling contactlenses are prohibited in work areas where there is a reasonable likelihood of occupationalexposure.
First Aid Supplies §1910.151(b) (Informational Marking)
First aid supplies shall be readily available.
Personal Protective Equipment §1910.1030(d)(3)(i) and (iii)
When there is occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials,the employer must provide, at no cost to the employee, appropriate personalprotective equipment such as gloves, gowns, laboratory coats, face shields ormasks and eye protection, and mouthpieces, resuscitation bags, pocket masks, orother ventilation devices.
The employer must ensure that the appropriate personal protective equipment isreadily accessible at the worksite or is issued to the employee.