List of Figures.
List of Maps.
List of Documents.
Preface to the Fourth Edition.
Part I: Old and New Worlds Meet:.
1. The Peoples of Eastern North America: Societies in Transition.
1 America Before Columbus and the Problem of History.
2 The Americas in Ancient Times.
3 The Eastern Woodlands, 1000–1300.
4 Eastern Woodlands Societies in Transition, 1300–1500.
5 Earliest Contacts with Europeans.
2. The Age of European Exploration.
1 Western Europe, 1300–1450.
2 The Portuguese in Africa.
3 Spain Encounters the New World.
4 Sixteenth-Century European Competitors.
5 England: The Elizabethan Prelude.
Part II: The Seventeenth-Century Settlements:.
3. The English Conquer Virginia, 1607–1660.
1 Virginia Before the English.
2 The Virginia Company: Early Settlement.
3 The Charter of Liberties.
4 The Massacre of 1622 and Fall of the Company.
5 Growth and Consolidation, 1625–1660.
4. The Conquest Continues: New England, 1620–1660.
1 New England Before the English.
2 The Pilgrims.
3 Massachusetts: A City on the Hill.
4 Establishing and Defending Order.
5 Challenges from England.
6 Stable Societies.
5. Diverse Colonies: New France, New Netherland, Maryland, and the West Indies.
1 New France.
2 New Netherland and Delaware: The Dutch and Swedish Beginnings.
3 Maryland: A Catholic Proprietary.
4 English Colonies in the West Indies.
6. The Restoration Era.
1 The Return of Charles II.
2 Mercantilism: The Navigation Laws.
3 New York Becomes an English Colony.
4 The Carolinas: Early Settlement.
7. The Later Years of Charles II.
1 Virginia: Bacon’s Rebellion and Its Aftermath.
2 Massachusetts: The Struggle to Remain Self-Governing.
3 New Jersey and Pennsylvania: The Beginnings.
8. James II and the Glorious Revolution.
1 The Dominion of New England.
2 Massachusetts Reclaims Control.
3 New York: Leisler’s Rebellion.
9. The Eras of William and Mary, and Queen Anne.
1 William and Mary’s Colonial Policy.
2 The Salem Witchcraft Trials.
3 War on the Northern Frontier, 1689–1713.
4 War and Political Change in the Carolinas.
5 Proprietary Problems in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
Part III: The Eighteenth-Century Provinces in a Changing Continent:.
10. The Economy and Labor System in British North America.
1 The British Atlantic Economy.
2 The Southern Plantation System.
3 Northern Farming and Commerce.
4 The Mercantilist System.
5 Money and Taxation.
6 The Standard of Living: Poverty and Prosperity.
11. Settler Families and Society.
1 New World Families.
3 Patriarchal Authority.
4 Social Structure: Rank and Class.
12. White Women and Gender.
1 Gender and the Settler Experience in the Seventeenth Century.
2 Regional Variations.
3 Gender in a Commercializing Culture: The Eighteenth-Century Refined Lady.
4 Gender in a Commercializing Culture: Middling and Working White Women.
13. British North American Religion, Education, and Culture, 1689–1760.
3 The Anglicization of Taste.
4 Libraries, Literature, and the Press.
5 Science and the Arts.
6 Popular Culture.
14. Slavery and the African American Experience, 1689–1760.
1 Slavery: An Evolving Institution.
2 Slaves’ Experiences.
3 The African American Family.
4 African American Culture.
5 Free African Americans.
6 Resistance to Slavery.
15. Expanding Spanish and French Empires in North America.
2 New Mexico.
3 The Growth of New France.
4 The French Upper Country, or Pays d’en Haut.
7 Significance for the British Colonies.
16. Native American Societies and Cultures, 1689–1760.
1 Native American Societies in the Eighteenth Century.
2 The Nations of the Northern Frontier.
3 The Nations of the Southern Frontier.
4 Adaptation or Decline?.
17. Immigration and Expansion in British North America, 1714–1750.
1 The Germans and Scots-Irish.
2 The Founding of Georgia.
3 The Urban Frontier.
18. British North American Institutions of Government.
1 The Royal Framework.
2 Local Government: Town Meeting and County Court.
3 The Provincial Assembly: Crown versus People.
4 Parties and Factions in the Age of Walpole.
5 Toward a Republican Ideology.
19. Britain, France, and Spain: The Imperial Contest, 1739–1763.
1 The War of Jenkins’ Ear.
2 The Struggle for the Ohio.
3 The Conquest of Canada.
4 The War’s Consequences.