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Accident/Incident Prevention Techniques, Second Edition

Accident/Incident Prevention Techniques, Second Edition by Charles D. Reese
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Introduction
Why Injury Prevention?
Accidents or Incidents
Accident/Incident Prevention Process
Comprehensive Accident Prevention
Accident Prevention
Accident Prevention Benefits
Preventing Occupational Accidents/Incidents
Nothing New in Prevention
How Much Prevention?
Risk Control
Structuring Accident/Incident Prevention
Know Who You Are Dealing With
Determining the Cause of Accidents
Accident Prevention Techniques
References

Safety and Health Programs
Introduction
Reasons for a Comprehensive Safety Program
Safety and Health Management Process
Building a Safety and Health Program
Characteristics of an Occupational Safety and Health Program
Tools for a Safety and Health Program Assessment
Assessing the Key Components of Leadership, Participation, and Line Accountability
Assessing the Key Components of Worksite Analysis
Assessing the Key Components of Hazard Prevention and Control
Summary
References

Accident/Incident Investigation
Introduction
Purpose of Accident Investigations
Accident Prevention
Reporting Accidents
Organizing and Assigning Responsibilities
Supervisors and Accident Investigation
Investigations Benefit the Supervisor
Preplanning an Accident Investigation
Investigation Process
Handling the Evidence
Developing Accident Investigation Forms
Final Report of Investigation
Follow-Up
Summary
References

Hazard Recognition and Avoidance
Hazard Identification
Emphasis on Hazards
Accident Causes
Hazard Analysis
Worksite Hazard Analysis
Training on Hazard Identification
Worksite Hazard Identification
Ranking Hazards
Hazard and Cost Avoidance
Hazard Control
Techniques of Hazard Control
Summary
References

Accountability and Responsibility
Introduction
The Safety and Health Professional
The Line Supervisor.
Using the Supervisor Evaluation Form
The Worker86
References.88

Motivating Safety and Health
Introduction1
Planning the Motivational Approach
Supervisors
Self-Motivated Workers
Changing Behavior
Behavior-Based Safety
Factors Affecting Motivation
Safety Culture
Visual Motivators
Nonfinancial Incentives
Summary
References0

Accident/Incident Analysis
Introduction
Breakdown of Causes
Mishap Probability
Summary
References

Root Cause Analysis
Introduction
Phase I: Data Collection
Phase II: Assessment
Phase III: Corrective Actions
Phase IV: Inform
Phase V: Follow-Up
Summary
References

Causal Factor Analysis
Introduction
Definition
Determining Causal Factors
Event Factor Chains (Charting) and Explanation
Benefits of Events and Causal Factors Charting
Using Causal Factor Analysis (Event Factor Chains or Charting)
Causal Factor Worksheet
Summary
References

Change Analysis
Introduction
When to Use Change Analysis
How to Use Change Analysis
Structuring the Analysis
Summary
References

Barrier Analysis
Introduction
Physical Barrier Analysis
Human Barrier Analysis
Wrap-Up of Preliminary Data Analysis
Interpretation of PBA and HBA
References

Job Safety/Hazard Analysis
Introduction
Performing a JSA/JHA
Four Basic Steps of a JSA/JHA
Selecting a Job to Analyze
The Job Safety/Hazard Analysis Worksheet
Separating the Job into Its Basic Steps
Sequence of Basic Job Steps
Identifying the Hazards Associated with Each Job Step
Consider Human Problems in the JSA/JHA Process 186
Eliminating or Controlling the Hazards
Change Job Procedures
Change the Frequency of Performing the Job
Personal Protective Equipment
Summary
References

Safe Operating Procedures (SOPs)
Introduction
Components of an SOP
Guidelines for Writing an SOP
How SOPs Work
Summary
References

Job Safety Observation
Introduction
Purpose of Job Safety Observation
Types of Job Safety Observations
Selecting a Job or Task for a Planned Job Safety Observation
Preparing for a Planned Safety Observation
Checklist of Activities to Observe
Unsafe Procedures
The Observation
After the Observation
Dealing with Unsafe Behaviors or Poor Performance
Summary
References

Safety and Health Audits
Introduction
The Need for an Audit
When to Audit
What to Audit
Types of Audit Instruments
Develop and Evaluate Audit Scores
Qualifications of Auditors
Summary
References

Fleet Safety Program
Introduction
Written Fleet Safety Program
Vehicle/Equipment Maintenance
Regulations and Motor Vehicles
Drivers
Operator Recruitment and Selection
Records to Maintain
Operator Training
Company Operator’s Manual
Pre-Operation Inspection
Driving Tasks
Safe Driving Recognition
Planning Schedules, Loads, and Routes
Preventing Accidents
References

Preventive Maintenance Programs
Introduction
Components of a PMP
Preventive Maintenance
Management’s Role
The Preventive Maintenance Program (PMP)
Operators’ Inspections
Maintenance
Management Responsibility
Summary
References

Special Emphasis Programs
Introduction
Ladder Safety Program
Incentives
Summary
References

Using Safety and Health Consultants
Introduction
Need for a Consultant
Conducting the Interview
Scope of Work
Final Hiring Steps
Summary
References

Safety and Health Training
Introduction
When to Train
Training New Hires
Training Supervisors
Training Employees
Documenting Safety and Health Training
After the Training
Safety Talks
Safety Talks and Meetings
OSHA Training Requirements
OSHA Training Guidelines
Legal Aspect of Training
OSHA Training Model
Matching Training to Employees
Identifying Employees at Risk
Training Employees at Risk
Summary
References6

Analyzing Accident Data
Introduction
OSHA Recordkeeping
Company Records
Important Ancillary Data Needed for More Complete Analysis
Statistical Analysis for Comparisons
Workers’ Compensation
Cost of Accidents
Summary
References

Prevention and OSHA Regulations
Introduction
Federal Laws.309
Regulation Process
Federal Register
The Purpose of OSHA
Code of Federal Regulations
CFR Numbering System
OSHA Standards Covered
Copies of the OSHA Standards
Relief (Variance) from an OSHA Standard
OSHAct Protects
The Role of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
The Role of the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC)
Employers are Responsible for Workers’ Safety and Health
Workers’ Rights
Workers’ Responsibilities under the Law
The Right Not to Be Discriminated Against
The Right to Know
Environmental Monitoring Results
Personal Protective Clothing
OSHA Inspections
OSHA Receives a Complaint
Citations
Types of Violations
Challenging Citations, Penalties, and Other Enforcement Measures
Workers Get the Results of an Inspection
Determining Penalties
State Programs
Workers’ Training
Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
Medical and Exposure Records
Posting
What to Do When OSHA Comes Knocking
Summary
References

Health Hazard Prevention
Introduction
Asbestos
Back Injuries
Bloodborne Pathogens
Carcinogens
Cold Stress
Ergonomics
Hazardous Chemicals
Hazardous Waste
Heat Stress
Ionizing Radiation
Lasers
Lead
Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
Nonionizing Radiation
Vibration
Workplace Stress
References

Controls and Personal Protective Equipment
Introduction
Controlling Hazards
Personal Protective Equipment
Establishing a PPE Program
Hazard Assessment
Eye and Face Protection
Head Protection
Foot and Leg Protection
Hand and Arm Protection
Body Protection
Hearing Protection
Respiratory Protection
Summary
References

Safety Hazards
Introduction
Abrasive Blasting (29 CFR 1910.94 and 1910.244)
Abrasive Wheel Equipment/Grinders (29 CFR 1910.212, 1910.215, and 1910.243)
Air Receivers (29 CFR 1910.169)
Aisles and Passageways (29 CFR 1910.17, 1910.22, and 1910.176)
Belt Sanding Machines (29 CFR 1910.213)
Chains, Cables, Ropes, and Hooks (29 CFR 1910.179 and 1910.180)
Compressors and Compressed Air (29 CFR 1910.242)
Compressed Gas Cylinders (29 CFR 1910.101 and 1910.253)
Compressed Gases (29 CFR 1910.101, 1910.102, 1910.103, 1910.104, 1910.106, and 1910.253)
Confined Spaces (29 CFR 1910.146)
Containers and Portable Tank Storage (29 CFR 1910.106)
Control of Hazardous Energy Sources [Lockout/Tagout] (29 CFR 1910.147)
Crane, Derrick, and Hoist Safety (29 CFR 1910.179, 1910.180, and 1910.181)
Dip Tanks Containing Flammable or Combustible Liquid (29 CFR 1910.108)
Dockboards (29 CFR 1910.30)
Drinking Water (29 CFR 1910.141)
Electrical (29 CFR 1910.303, 1910.304, 1910.305, 1910.331, and 1910.333)
Elevated Surfaces (29 CFR 1910.23)
Emergency Action Plans (29 CFR 1910.38)
Exit Doors (29 CFR 1910.36)
Exits and Exit Routes (29 CFR 1910.36)
Explosives and Blasting Agents (29 CFR 1910.109)
Fan Blades (29 CFR 1910.212)
Fall Protection (29 CFR 1910.23 and 1910.66 Appendix I)
Fire Protection (29 CFR 1910.157)
Flammable and Combustible Liquids (29 CFR 1910.106)
Flammable and Combustible Materials
Floors [General Conditions] (29 CFR 1910.22 and 1920.23)
Forklift Trucks [Powered Industrial Trucks] (29 CFR 1910.178)
Fueling (29 CFR 1910.178, 1910.180, and 1910.181)
Hand Tools (29 CFR 1910.242)
Hoist and Auxiliary Equipment (29 CFR 1910.179)
Housekeeping (29 CFR 1910.22)
Hydraulic Power Tools (29 CFR 1910.217)
Jacks (29 CFR 1910.244)
Ladders, Fixed (29 CFR 1910.27)
Ladders, Portable (29 CFR 1910.25 and 1910.26)
Lunch Rooms (29 CFR 1910.141)
Machine Guarding (29 CFR 1910.212 and 1910.219)
Machinery, Fixed (29 CFR 1910.212)
Material Handling (29 CFR 1910.176)
Mechanical Power Presses (29 CFR 1910.217)
Motor Vehicle Safety
Pneumatic Tools (29 CFR 1910.243)
Portable (Power Operated) Tools and Equipment (29 CFR 1910.243)
Powder-Actuated Tools (29 CFR 1910.243)
Powered Platforms for Building Maintenance (29 CFR 1910.66)
Power Transmission Equipment Guarding (29 CFR 1910.219)
Pressure Vessels (29 CFR 1910.106, 1910.216, and 1910.217)
Railings (29 CFR 1910.23)
Saws, Portable Circular (29 CFR 1910.243)
Scaffolds (29 CFR 1910.28)
Skylights (29 CFR 1910.23)
Spray-Finishing Operations (29 CFR 1910.107)
Stairs, Fixed Industrial (29 CFR 1910.23 and 1910.24)
Storage (29 CFR 1910.176)
Tanks, Open-Surface (29 CFR 1910.94)
Tire Inflation
Toeboards (29 CFR 1910.23)
Toilets (29 CFR 1910.141)
Transporting Employees and Materials
Walking/Working Surfaces (29 CFR 1910.21 and 1910.22)
Welding, Cutting, and Brazing (29 CFR 1910.251, 1910.252, 1910.253, 1910.254, and 1910.255)
Woodworking Machinery (29 CFR 1910.213)
Workplace Violence
Summary
References

Conclusion
Overview

Appendix A: Written Safety and Health Program
Appendix B: Accident Investigation Forms (Revised)
Appendix C: Causal Analysis Worksheets
Appendix D: OSHA Safety and Health Training Requirements
Appendix E: OSHA Regional Offices and State Plan Offices
Appendix F: Sample Glove Selection Charts
Appendix G: Occupational Safety and Health Resources and Information Sources
Index

CRC Press; October 2011
608 pages; ISBN 9781439855232
Read online, or download in secure PDF format
Title: Accident/Incident Prevention Techniques, Second Edition
Author: Charles D. Reese
 
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