Child Exploitation and Trafficking
Examining the Global Challenges and U.S. Responses
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About the author
Virginia M. Kendall is a judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. Before being elevated to the federal bench, Judge Kendall served as a deputy chief in the United States Attorney’s Office in Chicago, where for more than ten years she served as the child exploitation coordinator. She travels extensively both domestically and internationally teaching judges and lawyers about crimes against women and children, and is an adjunct professor of law at Northwestern University School of Law and Loyola University School of Law.
T. Markus Funk served as a federal prosecutor in Chicago for more than ten years, and spent two years in Kosovo as the USDOJ Resident Legal Advisor. He has taught law at, among other places, Oxford University, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, and the USDOJ National Advocacy Center; was awarded USDOJ and the State Department’s highest service awards; and is the author of three books and dozens of criminal law–related articles and book chapters. His legal work is featured in outlets such as CNBC, CNN, the Economist, the Los Angeles Times, the National Law Journal, National Geographic Channel, MSNBC, and the Wall Street Journal.
Each year, more than two million children around the world fall victim to commercial sexual exploitation. The numbers of children sexually abused for non-commercial purposes are even higher. Put simply, the growing, increasingly-organized epidemic of child exploitation demands a coordinated response.
The aim of this book is to bring some fresh thinking to this complicated area of the law, and to help erase some of its counterproductive mythology. The book provides the first comprehensive, practical introduction to the history and present-day reality of child sexual exploitation, as well as to the interconnected web of domestic and transnational federal laws and law enforcement efforts launched in response thereto. It is written from the distinctive perspective of those who have spent their careers in the trenches investigating, prosecuting, and adjudicating these intricate and commonly emotional cases. Relying on real-world examples, the authors offer proscriptive and descriptive practical advice and reform proposals aimed at those involved at all levels in this difficult area. Serving as a “first-line” resource for clear, practical thinking on the range of complex, and often misunderstood, investigative, prosecutorial, and rehabilitative issues surrounding child exploitation cases, this work is a must-have for anyone with interest in the protection of children from sexual exploitation and trafficking.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
; December 2011
448 pages; ISBN 9781442209824Read online
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Title: Child Exploitation and Trafficking
Author: Virginia M. Kendall; T. Markus Funk; Richard A. Posner
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
SURVEYING THE SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM
THE BROAD DESCRIPTIVE CHALLENGE
APPRECIATING THE HUMAN TRAFFICKING PROBLEM AND ITS ENFORCEMENT CHALLENGES
SYNCHRONIZED ABUSE: THE IMPACT OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME GROUPS ON CHILD TRAFFICKING AND OTHER FORMS OF SEXUAL EXPLOITATION
PUBLIC CORRUPTION AS THE SILENT PARTNER TO CHILD SEXUAL EXPLOITATION
FEDERAL STATUTES TARGETING CHILD EXPLOITATION
FINDING THE WORLD'S VOICE: INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS TARGETING THE SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN
INVESTIGATING CHILD EXPLOITATION CASES
THE SYNDICATE AND THE SCHOLAR: EXAMINING THE ANATOMY OF THE PROSECUTION OF UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PEDIATRICIAN DR. H. MARC WATZMAN
THE CHALLENGE OF TRANSNATIONAL INVESTIGATIONS
VICTIM WITNESS PROTECTION IN CHILD EXPLOITATION CASES
THE DIFFICULT DEFENSE: SURVEYING THE MOST COMMON ISSUES WHEN REPRESENTING INDIVIDUALS ACCUSED OF CHILD EXPLOITATION
OVERVIEW OF SELECTED TRIAL ISSUES
SENTENCING CONSIDERATIONS IN SEXUAL EXPLOITATION CASES – DOES ANYTHING WORK?
APPENDIX 1 CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (1989) PREAMBLE
APPENDIX 3 U.S.-THAILAND MUTUAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE TREATY
APPENDIX 4 SAMPLE LETTER ROGATORY
APPENDIX 5 1992 INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON MUTUAL ASSISTANCE IN CRIMINAL MATTERS
In the press
In authoring Child Exploitation and Trafficking, U.S. District Court Judge Virginia M. Kendall and former federal prosecutor T. Markus Funk, provide perhaps the first comprehensive history and current account of child sexual exploitation and trafficking as well as seeking to provide an analysis of the grid of U.S. and transnational laws that allow for the enforcement against these crimes and the resultant prosecutions. This is not an academic work per se, but the research and comprehensive approach is scholarly. Rather, this book could serve a wide range of members of the legal community: as a reference tool, text book for law students, guidance for prosecutors and NGO’s seeking a brief synopsis of successful applications of laws both within the U.S. and in international forums.