This study illustrates how it was the shifting relationships between the aristocracy, bourgeoisie and working classes over several centuries which were greatly responsible for the ways in which we defecate and view human wastes today. The focus is on the historical development of these factors in Western Europe over the last several centuries: the nature of excreta; human bodys defecatory capacities; acceptable/unacceptable fashions in which defecation can be carried out; and the ways in which feces are disposed of. This final aspect includes the construction of water-based sewer systems and the development of water closets in 19th and early 20th centuries. These scientific and technological changes were intimately related to changes in the nature of social life, by antagonistic relations between classes at the economic, political and cultural levels. With illustrations.
The Edwin Mellen Press; January 2001
- ISBN 9780773429819
- Read online, or download in secure PDF format
- Title: A Sociological History of Excretory Experience Defecatory Manners and Toiletry Technology
- Author: David Inglis
Imprint: Edwin Mellen Press Ltd