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Employment Protection and Business Cycles in Emerging Economies

Employment Protection and Business Cycles in Emerging Economies by Ruy Lama
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We build a small open economy, real business cycle model with labor market frictions to evaluate the role of employment protection in shaping business cycles in emerging economies. The model features matching frictions and an endogenous selection effect by which inefficient jobs are destroyed in recessions. In a quantitative version of the model calibrated to the Mexican economy we find that reducing separation costs to a level consistent with developed economies would reduce output volatility by 15 percent. We also use the model to analyze the Mexican crisis episode of 2008 and conclude that an economy with lower separation costs would have experienced a smaller drop in output and in measured total factor productivity with no significant change in aggregate employment.
International Monetary Fund; December 2011
40 pages; ISBN 9781463986223
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Title: Employment Protection and Business Cycles in Emerging Economies
Author: Ruy Lama; Carlos Urrutia