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Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy: Distributional Consequences of Tariff Increases

Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy: Distributional Consequences of Tariff Increases by Pritha Mitra
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Ukraine's gas pricing policy subsidizes gas and heating for all households. As the cost of imported gas rises, this policy increasingly weighs on government finances, sustains energy over-consumption, dampens investment in delivery systems, and undermines incentives for domestic production. However, gas price hikes have been deferred to the medium-term as they are politically unpopular. Through estimation of household demand functions by income quintiles to evaluate the distributional consequences of tarrif reform, this paper finds that tariff reforms combined with targeted social support can address the economic inefficiencies of the current pricing policy without large welfare costs to the lower income segments of the population.
International Monetary Fund; October 2012
23 pages; ISBN 9781475512885
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Title: Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy: Distributional Consequences of Tariff Increases
Author: Pritha Mitra; Ruben Atoyan