Accounting for Reserves

by Tamim Bayoumi,

Subject categories
ISBNs
  • 1475556691
  • 9781475535761
  • 9781475556698
  • 9781475576115
Views on the effectiveness of sterilized reserve intervention vary. Sterilized intervention is generally seen as ineffective in advanced countries while persistent intervention by some emerging markets is often cited as contributing to undervalued exchange rates and current account surpluses. This paper argues that capital controls reconcile these views. We find strong and highly robust evidence that sterilized intervention is fully offset by outflows of private money in countries without controls, while controls partially block this offset. For a country with extensive capital controls, every dollar in additional reserves increases the current account by some 50 cents. This is mainly offset by an opposite adjustment in the current account of the United States—the dominant reserve currency issuer with the deepest and most liquid bond markets—with a smaller diversion to other emerging markets.
  • International Monetary Fund; December 2012
  • ISBN 9781475576115
  • Read online, or download in secure PDF or secure EPUB format
  • Title: Accounting for Reserves
  • Author: Tamim Bayoumi; Christian Saborowski
  • Imprint: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
Subject categories
ISBNs
  • 1475556691
  • 9781475535761
  • 9781475556698
  • 9781475576115
Subject categories
ISBNs
  • 1475556691
  • 9781475535761
  • 9781475556698
  • 9781475576115