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Macroeconomic Evaluation of Labor Market Reform in Germany

Macroeconomic Evaluation of Labor Market Reform in Germany by Tom Krebs
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In 2005 the German government implemented the so-called Hartz IV reform, which amounted to a complete overhaul of the German unemployment insurance system and resulted in a significant reduction in unemployment benefits for the long-term unemployed. In this paper, we use an incomplete-market model with search unemployment to evaluate the macro-economic and welfare effects of the Hartz IV reform. We calibrate the model economy to German data before the reform and then use the calibrated model economy to simulate the effects of Hartz IV. In our baseline calibration, we find that the reform has reduced the long-run (noncyclical) unemployment rate in Germany by 1.4 percentage points. We also find that the welfare of employed households increases, but the welfare of unemployed households decreases even with moderate degree of risk aversion.
International Monetary Fund; February 2013
42 pages; ISBN 9781616350109
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Title: Macroeconomic Evaluation of Labor Market Reform in Germany
Author: Tom Krebs; Martin Scheffel
 
ISBNs
1616350105
9781475533811
9781589062702
9781616350109