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Monetary Policy in an Equilibrium Portfolio Balance Model

Monetary Policy in an Equilibrium Portfolio Balance Model by Michael Kumhof
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Standard theory shows that sterilized foreign exchange interventions do not affect equilibrium prices and quantities, and that domestic and foreign currency denominated bonds are perfect substitutes. This paper shows that when fiscal policy is not sufficiently flexible in response to spending shocks, perfect substitutability breaks down and uncovered interest rate parity no longer holds. Government balance sheet operations can be used as an independent policy instrument to target interest rates. Sterilized foreign exchange interventions should be most effective in developing countries, where fiscal volatility is large and where the fraction of domestic currency denominated government liabilities is small.
International Monetary Fund; March 2007
31 pages; ISBN 9781452707747
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Title: Monetary Policy in an Equilibrium Portfolio Balance Model
Author: Michael Kumhof; Stijn van Nieuwerburgh