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Household Income As A Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil: Evidence From A Social Security Reform

Household Income As A Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil: Evidence From A Social Security Reform by Irineu E. Carvalho Filho
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This paper studies the effects of household income on labor participation and school enrollment of children aged 10 to 14 in Brazil using a social security reform as a source of exogenous variation in household income. Estimates imply that the gap between actual and full school enrollment was reduced by 20 percent for girls living in the same household as an elderly benefiting from the reform. Girls' labor participation rates reduced with increased benefit income, but only when benefits were received by a female elderly. Effects on boys' enrollment rates and labor participation were in general smaller and statistically insignificant.
International Monetary Fund; October 2008
36 pages; ISBN 9781452771274
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Title: Household Income As A Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil: Evidence From A Social Security Reform
Author: Irineu E. Carvalho Filho