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Does Public Sector Inefficiency Constrain Firm Productivity

Evidence from Italian Provinces

Does Public Sector Inefficiency Constrain Firm Productivity by Raffaela Giordano
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This paper studies the effect of public sector efficiency on firm productivity using data from more than 400,000 firms across Italy's provinces. Exploiting the large heterogeneity in the efficiency of the public sector across Italian provinces and the intrinsic variation in the dependence of industries on the government, we find that public sector inefficiency significantly reduces the labor productivity of private sector firms. The results suggest that raising public sector efficiency could yield large economic benefits: if the efficiency in all provinces reached the frontier, output per employee for the average firm would increase by 9 percent.
International Monetary Fund; July 2015
27 pages; ISBN 9781513509075
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Title: Does Public Sector Inefficiency Constrain Firm Productivity
Author: Raffaela Giordano; Sergi Lanau; Pietro Tommasino; Petia Topalova