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Corporate Policies in a World with Information Asymmetry

Corporate Policies in a World with Information Asymmetry by Vipin K. Agrawal
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A corporate manager typically oversees several ongoing projects and has the opportunity to invest in new projects that add wealth to the stockholders. Such new projects include expanding the corporation's existing business, entering into a new line of business, acquiring another business, and so on. If the firm does not have sufficient internal capital (cash) to finance the initial investment, the manager must enter into a transaction with outside investors to raise additional funds.

In this situation, the manager of a public corporation faces two key decisions:

  • Should he transact with outside investors and raise the necessary capital to invest in the project? The answer to this question determines the firm's investment policy.
  • If the manager decides to raise external capital how should the investment be financed — with debt, with equity, or with some other security? The answer determines the firm's financing policy.

Modern corporate finance theory, originating with the seminal work of Merton Miller and Franco Modigliani, has demonstrated that these decisions depend on the information that the manager and investors have about the firm's future cash flows.

In this book, the authors examine these decisions by assuming that the manager has private information about the firm's future cash flows. They provide a unified framework that yields new theoretical insights and explains many empirical anomalies documented in the literature.

  • Introduction
  • Basic Setup:
    • Firm and Its Capital Needs
    • Outside Investors and Securities
    • Raising Capital
  • Raising Capital When There is Symmetric Information:
    • Information and Decision-Making with Symmetric Information
    • Optimal Capital-Raising Decisions and Their Implications for Firm Policies
  • Raising Capital with Information Asymmetry:
    • Information and Decision-Making with Information Asymmetry
    • Optimal Capital-Raising Decisions and Their Implications: Any Security Space
    • Additional Implications Specific to the Debt-Equity Security Space
    • Numerical Illustrations of Key Financing Policy Results Under the Debt–Equity Security Space
    • Empirical Predictions and Implications for Practitioners: Debt–Equity Security Space
    • Concluding Remarks
  • Appendix

Readership: Master and doctoral level students in finance, academic researchers and financial managers.
World Scientific Publishing Company; August 2015
174 pages; ISBN 9789814551328
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Title: Corporate Policies in a World with Information Asymmetry
Author: Vipin K. Agrawal; Ramesh K. S. Rao