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Shapes and Spaces for Upper Primary

Spatial math activities for 10+ years.

Shapes and Spaces for Upper Primary by Jane Bourke
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This photocopy masters book is designed to complement the spatial math component of the curriculum. It provides a basic introduction to new concepts as well as activities that will consolidate the skills and ideas associated with 2D and 3D shapes.

The book contains a set of networks for constructing models of prisms, pyramids and various polyhedra. Ideally, these nets should be copied onto card to allow students to make a solid shape that will last for the duration of this unit of math.

Specific activities include identifying traversable networks, studying the properties and features of 2D and 3D shapes, exploring reflectional and rotational symmetry, looking at cross sections of 3D shapes and creating tessellations with a number of regular and irregular 2D shapes.

It is intended that the activities be completed sequentially as certain learning concepts need to be mastered in order to complete some of the later activities. Also, it is assumed that the ideas in this book will be explored in class prior to completing the activities as they are not designed as a complete math program.

Ready-Ed Publications; July 2001
48 pages; ISBN 9781863972284
Read online, or download in secure PDF format
Title: Shapes and Spaces for Upper Primary
Author: Jane Bourke; Melinda Parker


3D shapes are known as solids and are often referred to as polyhedra. There are three main types of polyhedra; prisms, pyramids, and shapes with curved surfaces.

A prism has two bases which are similar and parallel. The sides of prisms are known as parallelograms as the corresponding edges are parallel.
A cereal box is an example of a rectangular prism.

Some brands of chocolate such as Toblerone®
come in a triangular prism shaped box.

o Using the shapes below draw a model of the prisms.