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Practical RF Circuit Design for Modern Wireless Systems, volume II

Active Circuits and Systems

Practical RF Circuit Design for Modern Wireless Systems, volume II by Rowan Gilmore
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The second of two authoritative, highly practical volumes, this hands-on resource covers active and nonlinear circuits, and introduces advanced topics in RF circuit and system design. The book opens with an overview of active RF devices and their modeling. It explores nonlinear circuit simulation techniques such as harmonic balance, and extensively illustrates the use of CAD tools in active circuit design throughout. This is a tested and insightful book that contains answers to most of the questions practical engineers are asking. In this thoroughly practical second volume, you learn the theory behind linear and low-noise RF amplifiers, high power RF transistor amplifiers, oscillators, mixers, and frequency multipliers, so you gain an intuitive understanding of their operation.

The final chapter presents the design of a radio chip set and pulls together the component aspects that are covered earlier in the book. This essential reference is lavishly illustrated with explanation of practical issues and supported with clear examples. This text is guaranteed to provide even the most experienced RF designer with fresh, intuitive insight into circuit operation, and will be as useful at universities as a course text on practical RF circuit design, as it will in industry as a training refresher.


Active RF Devices and Their Modeling - The Diode Model. Two Port Device Models. The Output Terminals of a Two-Port RF Device. The Bipolar Transistor. The Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor (HBT). The MESFET. The High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT). Silicon LDMOS and CMOS technologies.

Nonlinear Circuit Simulation Techniques - Classification of Nonlinear Circuit Simulators. Analytical Methods. Time-Domain Methods. Hybrid Time and Frequency Domain Techniques-Harmonic Balance. Frequency Domain Techniques. The Harmonic Balance Method. Harmonic Balance Analysis of Oscillators.

Linear RF Amplifier Designs-General Considerations - Power Gain Definitions. Unilateral Gain Design Approach. Design for Arbitrary Gain. Constant gain Circles. Neutralization. RF Stability and Stabilization Techniques. Resistive and Complex Circuit Loading. Lossy and Lossless Feedback. Broadband Stabilization. RF Device Stabilization Example. Active and Passive DC Bias Circuits for Bipolar transistors and FETs. DC Bias Feedthrough Techniques. Practical Effects-Layout, Grounding, Coupling, Multilayer P.C. Boards.

Linear and Low-Noise RF Amplifiers - Bilateral Design Techniques. Transducer Gain Approach for Maximum Small-Signal Gain. Available Gain Technique for Minimum Noise. Operating Power Gain Approach for Maximum Linear Power. Simultaneous Conjugate Match. Cascaded RF Amplifiers. Linear Power Amplifier Stabilization Example. Low-Noise Amplifier (LNA) Examples. Single-Ended Design. Balanced Amplifier. Broadband Amplifiers (Reactive and Lossy Matching). Feedback Effects on Noise and Stability. Feedback Amplifier Design Example.

High Power RF Transistor Amplifier Designs - Nonlinear Concepts. Some Nonlinear Phenomena. Quasilinear Power Amplifier Design. The Amplifier Load Line. Load Pull Methods. Categories of Amplifiers. Class-A amplifier. Class-B Amplifier. Class-F Amplifier. Comparison of Class-A, Class-B, Class-F and Other Operational Modes. Switching-Mode Amplifiers. Cascaded Power Amplifier Design. Bias Considerations. Bias Changes at the Input. Bias Changes at the Output. Bias Considerations with Power Devices. Distortion Reduction. The Importance of Amplifier Linearity. Operating the Amplifier Backed-Off. Predistortion. Feedforward Cancellation. Device Modification. System Level Reduction of Distortion. Power Amplifier Design Example - Transistor Selection, Transistor Characterization, Matching the Input and Output of the Device, Harmonic Tuning.

Oscillators - Two-Port Oscillator Design Approach. Closed-Loop System Analysis of an Oscillator. Examples of Open Loop Oscillator Design. The One-Port Oscillator Design Approach. A Series Resonant Circuit as an Oscillator. The Negative Resistance Oscillator. Oscillator Start-Up-More Detailed Considerations. Characterization of the Oscillator Negative Impedance. Characterization of a One-Port Oscillator by its Q-Factors. Transistor Oscillator Configurations. The Colpitts Oscillator and its Variants. Oscillator Phase Noise. Oscillator Design Examples. 45.455 MHz Colpitts Crystal Oscillator Design. Design of a 3.7-4.2 GHz Voltage Controlled Oscillator.

Mixers and Frequency Multipliers - Diode Mixers and their Topologies. Single-Ended Mixer. Single-Balanced Mixer. Double-Balanced Mixer. The Image Problem in Mixers. Harmonic Components in Mixers. Transistor Mixer Design. Active Transistor Mixers. Resistive FET Mixers. Dual Gate FET Mixers. FET Frequency Multipliers.

Circuits in Systems-Radio System Applications - Mobile Systems. Second-Generation Mobile Systems. Third-Generation Mobile Systems. Software-Defined Radio. RF Digital Processing. Digital Processing of a Wideband IF. Digital Processing at Baseband. Transceiver Issues Associated with Software-Defined Radio. A 1.9 GHz Radio Chip Set: Design Overview, The Air Interface Specification for PHS, Component Specification, Component Design. Integrated System Chips: An Overview. RF Receiver Front-Ends. RF Upconverters and Transmitter Driver Amplifiers. Transceiver and Complete Radio Solutions. Power Amplifier Modules. Conclusion.

Les Besser is chairman of Besser Associates, a continuing education organization. A Life Fellow of the IEEE where he held various offices and received awards and recognition for past accomplishments. He holds Ph.D. , M.S. and B.S. in EE. Dr. Besser authored the first commercially successful microwave circuit optimization routine and founded Compact Software (now part of Ansoft), a pioneer group in RF/MW CAE. A “Master Lecturer,” he is currently heading an organization dedicated to continuing education through instructor-led and Internet-based short courses, CD- and video-taped presentations. His company has trained nearly 50,000 engineers since the mid 1980s.

Rowan Gilmore is an experienced consulting engineer who introduced the world’s first commercial harmonic-balance CAD simulator while Vice-President Engineering at Compact Software. He has held numerous design and management posts in industry, including Central Microwave, Schlumberger, Telstra and SITA. A senior member of the IEEE, he holds a D.Sc. and MSEE degrees from Washington University in St. Louis, and a B.E. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. He has nearly fifteen years of teaching experience with Besser Associates and CEI Europe.

Artech House; May 2003
587 pages; ISBN 9781580536745
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Title: Practical RF Circuit Design for Modern Wireless Systems, volume II
Author: Rowan Gilmore; Les Besser