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Turkey by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
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Recently, Turkey has taken steps to implement energy market reforms which have resulted in clear and significant benefits. Now, continued action is needed to see the process through to a successful conclusion. It is necessary to restructure the state-owned enterprises to operate in a competitive market, to create independent electricity and gas operators and to remove cross-subsidies from electricity and gas prices.

Turkey has been very active in international co-operation in the energy sector.  Some important oil and gas pipeline projects are underway or almost completed.  This will improve the security of supply in Turkey and maintain its role as an important “energy corridor” between East and West, while avoiding overuse of the Turkish Straits. Synchronisation of Turkey’s electricity networks with the European UCTE grid is planned for 2006.  Furthermore, the country already has transposed most EU energy laws and standards into national legislation.

Turkey’s general approach to energy policy has been highly supply-oriented. However, recent efforts have begun to focus more on energy efficiency and conservation. Nevertheless, stronger energy efficiency policies are needed, particularly in the transport sector. 

Turkey ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change in February 2004 and is developing its climate change strategy. The government should strive to monitor the cost-effectiveness of its policies, consider defining an emissions target and ensure coordination among the various government bodies. Despite past progress, work remains to be done to achieve further reductions in air pollution.


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; January 2005
183 pages; ISBN 9789264109285
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Title: Turkey
Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
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