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Governance of Public Research

Toward Better Practices

Governance of Public Research by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
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Science systems in nearly all OECD countries have experienced increasing pressures for change. These pressures reflect new challenges that go beyond the important issue of ensuring sustained funding for the research enterprise as a whole. These challenges must be addressed in the broader perspective of the governance of public research in order to include wider concerns related to: the decision-making processes for priority setting; the allocation of funds to the public research sector; the management of research institutions and the assessment of their performance in terms of contribution to knowledge creation, economic growth and responses to societal needs.

This report deals with public sector research. It provides a comprehensive review of the challenges that call for changes in the governance of OECD countries’ science systems. It highlights emerging policy responses developed in these countries indicating better practices to deal with the challenges, and draws policy lessons that can inspire the reform process. Supporting chapters provide detailed descriptions and analyses of the structures of science systems, the procedures for priority setting, the changes to funding, and the management of human resources in R&D.

Further reading:   Country studies of the science systems of Germany, Hungary, Japan, Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States, available on www.oecd.org.   OECD Science, Technology and Industry: Outlook 2002   Benchmarking Industry/Science Relationships, 2002   Science, Technology and Industry Outlook: Drivers of Growth: Information Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship 2001 Special Edition   Turning Science into Business: Patenting and Licensing at Public Research Institutions, 2003.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; January 2003
161 pages; ISBN 9789264103764
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Title: Governance of Public Research
Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development