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Access to Modern Energy Services for Health Facilities in Resource-constrained Settings

A Review of Status Significance Challenges and Measurement

Access to Modern Energy Services for Health Facilities in Resource-constrained Settings by WHO
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Universal health coverage and universal access to efficient modern energy services are both globaldevelopment goals. Rarely however have they been explored in tandem. This document setsout key issues opportunities and synergies. Health facilities are community institutions whereaccess to adequate reliable and sustainable energy requires particular attention. Modern energyaccess in health facilities is a critical enabler of access to many medical technologies and thusto health services access. Without access particularly to electricity many life-saving health-careinterventions simply cannot be undertaken. This report focuses on the energy needs of health facilities which have very limited access toenergy – a common problem in many facilities of low-income countries or emerging economies but also present in resource-constrained settings of middle-income countries. Available evidenceregarding patterns of energy access and its impacts on health services is considered along withtrends in the use of new energy technologies. This evidence is used to develop a rationale and approachfor tracking and monitoring energy access in health facilities. This report's findings are mostrelevant to clinics and health centres at the primary and secondary tiers of health systems oftenstruggling to access sufficient energy to power lighting refrigeration and basic medical devices.While hospitals' energy needs are more complex certain messages and findings presented herealso are relevant for larger facilities. The report should support improved measurement monitoringand design of clean modern energy interventions that can optimize health services deliveryat all levels. More broadly it supports advancement in the health sector towards the SustainableEnergy for All (SE4All) goals of universal access to modern energy services along with increasedenergy efficiencies and reliance upon renewable energy sources. Development and production of this study were supported and co-funded by the World HealthOrganization and the World Bank/ Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
World Health Organization; December 2014
111 pages; ISBN 9789240695382
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Title: Access to Modern Energy Services for Health Facilities in Resource-constrained Settings
Author: WHO