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Flora of Tropical East Africa - Alliaceae (2003)

Flora of Tropical East Africa - Alliaceae (2003) by Sarah Smith
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Acaulescent or short-stemmed biennial or perennial geophytes. Stem usually swollen to form a bulb or tuberous rhizome, rarely a corm, covered with the dry remains of sheathing leaf-bases. Leaves linear, filiform, lanceolate or rarely ovate, flat, terete or cylindrical and hollow, bases sheathing, veins parallel. Scape leafless, terete, flat or cylindrical and hollow. Inflorescence an umbel, subtended by (1–)2 (-several) membranous spathaceous-bracts; bracts enveloping young flower buds; pedicels sometimes further subtended by smaller membranous bracts. Flowers hermaphrodite, actinomorphic. Perianth tubular with 6 free lobes; corona present or absent. Stamens usually in 2 series of 3; anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary superior, trilocular, with 2 septal nectaries, 2-several ovules per locule; style solitary, erect, at apex of ovary or ± gynobasic; stigma capitate or trilobate. Fruit a loculicidal capsule with few-many seeds. Seeds small, ovoid, ellipsoid to subglobose or flat.
CRC Press; April 2014
19 pages; ISBN 9781482283839
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Title: Flora of Tropical East Africa - Alliaceae (2003)
Author: Sarah Smith; Jonathan Stansbie