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Managing Water Demand

Policies, Practices And Lessons from the Middle East And North Africa Forums

Managing Water Demand by Ellysar Baroudy
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The vast arid and semi-arid regions of the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) constitute 85% of the region's land area and are home to approximately 60% of the region's population. Limited water resources pose severe constraints on people's economic and social progress, testing their resilience and threatening their livelihoods. Rainfall is not only scarce and unpredictable, but the region is also subject to frequent and severe droughts. Available surface water is declining and the over-pumping of groundwater beyond natural recharge rates is occurring, lowering the water table and causing an increase in groundwater salinity and ecological degradation. Water demand management (WDM) is aboutgovernance and tools that motivate people and their activities to regulate the amount and manner in which they access, use, and dispose of water to alleviate pressure on freshwater supplies. It is also about protecting water quality. The development and promotion of such WDM practices, primarily for governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, have constituted the core objectives supported by Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and its partners through the Water Demand Management Forums.
International Development Research Centre; January 2005
75 pages; ISBN 9781552501870
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Title: Managing Water Demand
Author: Ellysar Baroudy; Abderrafii Abid Lahlou; Bayoumi Attia