This comprehensive encyclopedia covers the reciprocal effects that the politics, foreign policy, and culture of Spain, Portugal, and the American nations have had on one another since the time of Columbus. From silver mines and slavery to soccer and salsa, Ibero-American relations have often ranged from the tragic, as in the rift between Madrid and Washington in the wake of the Madrid train bombings in 2004, to the inspiring, as in Brazilian soccer legend Ronaldo's role in helping to make Real Madrid the most successful soccer team in the world. From the discovery of Newfoundland and Labrador by Portuguese explorer Gaspar Corte Real in 1501 to the phenomenal Hollywood career of Spanish movie stars such as Antonio Banderas and Penelope Cruz, Iberia and the Americas traces 500 years of Iberian influence on the Americas and vice versa, from the arrival of Cabral, the first Portuguese explorer to reach Brazil, to Spain's front-line role in the War on Terror. Featuring five introductory essays and a chronology of key events, this three-volume encyclopedia examines more than five centuries of transatlantic encounters.
Students of a wide range of disciplines, as well as the lay reader, will appreciate this exhaustive survey, which traces Spanish and Portuguese influence throughout the Americas and highlights how Iberian cultures have in turn been enriched by the diverse cultures of the Americas.