Superconductivity

A New Approach Based on the Bethe–Salpeter Equation in the Mean-Field Approximation

by

Series: Series on Directions in Condensed Matter Physics (No. 21)

Subject categories
ISBNs
  • 9789814733076
  • 9789814733090

Given the Debye temperature of an elemental superconductor (SC) and its Tc, BCS theory enables one to predict the value of its gap Δ0 at T = 0, or vice versa. This monograph shows that non-elemental SCs can be similarly dealt with via the generalized BCS equations (GBCSEs) which, given any two parameters of the set {Tc, Δ10, Δ20 > Δ10}, enable one to predict the third. Also given herein are new equations for the critical magnetic field and critical current density of an elemental and a non-elemental SC — equations that are derived directly from those that govern pairing in them.

The monograph includes topics that are usually not covered in any one text on superconductivity, e.g., BCS-BEC crossover physics, the long-standing puzzle posed by SrTiO3, and heavy-fermion superconductors — all of which are still imperfectly understood and therefore continue to avidly engage theoreticians. It suggests that addressing the Tcs, Δs and other properties (e.g., number densities of charge carriers) of high-Tc SCs via GBCSEs incorporating chemical potential may lead to tangible clues about raising their Tcs. The final chapter in this monograph deals with solar emission lines and quarkonium spectra because of a feature common between them and superconductivity: existence of a bound state in a medium at finite temperature. This is a problem on which the author has worked for more than 25 years. The treatment in the text is elementary — even those who have only a cursory familiarity with Feynman diagrams should be able to follow it without much difficulty.

Contents:
  • The Bethe–Salpeter Equation (BSE)
  • Customization of Bethe–Salpeter Equation (BSE) to Superconductivity
  • Re-derivation of Some Well-Known Results of BCS Theory via BSE-Based Approach
  • Generalized BCS Equations for Superconductors Characterized by High-Tcs and Multiple Gaps
  • Multi-Gap Superconductivity: Generalized BCS Equations (GBCSEs) as an Alternative to the Approach Due to Suhl, Matthias, and Walker (SMW)
  • Thermal Conductivity of MgB2
  • Dynamical Equations for Temperature-Dependent Critical Magnetic Fields
  • Dynamical-based Equations for Critical Currents Densities
  • BCS-BEC Crossover Physics without Appeal to Scattering Length Theory
  • On the Puzzle Posed by Superconducting SrTiO3
  • Some Exceptional Superconductors: La2CuO4 (LCO) and Heavy-fermion Superconductors (HFSCs)
  • Solar Emission Lines and Quarkonium Mass Spectra

Readership: Graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics and low-temperature physics.
Keywords:Bethe-Salpeter Equation;Matsubara Prescription;Superpropagator;Propagator Representing Exchanges of More Than One Species of Phonons Responsible for the Formation of Cooper Pairs;Generalized BCS Equations;Mean-Field Approximation;One-, Two-Phonon Exchange Mechanism for Pairing;High-Tc Superconductors;Thermal Conductivity of MgB2;Dynamical Equations for Critical Magnetic Field and Critical Current Density of both Elemental and Composite Superconductors;BCS-BEC Crossover Physics without Appeal to Scattering Length Theory;The Puzzle Posed by SrTiO3;Study of La2CuO4 via Equations Incorporating Chemical Potential;Heavy-Fermion Superconductors
Subject categories
ISBNs
  • 9789814733076
  • 9789814733090
Subject categories
ISBNs
  • 9789814733076
  • 9789814733090