David Chappell BA(HonsArch), MA (Arch), MA (Law), PhD, RIBA has 50 years’ experience in the construction industry, having worked as an architect in the public and private sectors, as contracts administrator for a building contractor, as a lecturer in construction law and contract procedures and, for the last twenty years, as a construction contract consultant . He is currently the Director of David Chappell Consultancy Limited and frequently acts as an adjudicator. He was Professor and Senior Research Fellow in Architectural Practice and Management Research at The Queen’s University Belfast and Visiting Professor of Practice Management and Law at the University of Central England in Birmingham. David Chappell is the author of many articles and books for the construction industry. He is one of the RIBA Specialist Advisors and lectures widely.