City of Beginnings

Poetic Modernism in Beirut

by Robyn Creswell

Series: Translation/Transnation (No. 43)

Subject categories
ISBNs
  • 9780691182186
  • 9780691185149

How poetic modernism shaped Arabic intellectual debates in the twentieth century and beyond

City of Beginnings is an exploration of modernism in Arabic poetry, a movement that emerged in Beirut during the 1950s and became the most influential and controversial Arabic literary development of the twentieth century. Robyn Creswell introduces English-language readers to a poetic movement that will be uncannily familiar—and unsettlingly strange. He also provides an intellectual history of Lebanon during the early Cold War, when Beirut became both a battleground for rival ideologies and the most vital artistic site in the Middle East. Arabic modernism was centered on the legendary magazine Shi‘r (“Poetry”), which sought to put Arabic verse on “the map of world literature.” The Beiruti poets—Adonis, Yusuf al-Khal, and Unsi al-Hajj chief among them—translated modernism into Arabic, redefining the very idea of poetry in that literary tradition. City of Beginnings includes analyses of the Arab modernists’ creative encounters with Ezra Pound, Saint-John Perse, and Antonin Artaud, as well as their adaptations of classical literary forms. The book also reveals how the modernists translated concepts of liberal individualism, autonomy, and political freedom into a radical poetics that has shaped Arabic literary and intellectual debate to this day.


  • Princeton University Press; January 2019
  • ISBN: 9780691185149
  • Read online, or download in secure PDF or secure ePub format
  • Title: City of Beginnings
  • Series: Translation/Transnation (No. 43)
  • Author: Robyn Creswell
  • Imprint: Princeton University Press
Subject categories
ISBNs
  • 9780691182186
  • 9780691185149

In The Press

"City of Beginnings is a trailblazing work of literary scholarship. With sympathy and erudition that are unique among American critics, Creswell analyzes Arabic modernism in its own terms, while situating it precisely within the dynamics of the cultural Cold War. He excavates a fascinating history and makes it relevant to our own moment."—Iman Mersal, University of Alberta


About The Author

Robyn Creswell is assistant professor of comparative literature at Yale University and a former poetry editor at the Paris Review. His writings have appeared in the New Yorker, the New York Review of Books, and Harper’s Magazine, among many other publications. He is the translator of Abdelfattah Kilito’s The Tongue of Adam and Sonallah Ibrahim’s “That Smell” and “Notes from Prison."

Subject categories
ISBNs
  • 9780691182186
  • 9780691185149