This insightful study explores the growth of the two largest post-industrial immigrant nations since the Second World War - Australia and Israel. Almost one in four Australians were born outside the country, more than one in three Israelis. Immigration and Nation Building brings a comparative approach to the discussion of patterns of immigration, legal structures, the labour market, civil society, public opinion, and integration of the second generation. The result is a thought provoking analysis of the distinctive and universal in the development of two immigrant nations. By comparing the experiences of these two countries, this ground-breaking study of immigration and its impact will appeal to policy analysts and researchers in government and academia, as well as students in the areas of sociology, politics, economics and history.